What Can We Do About It?
Animals Page 9
Spyro, a 3D platformer collectathon developed by Insomniac Games was remastered lovingly from the ground up by Toys for Bob on November 13, 2018. A collectathon is a genre of video games popular in the 1990’s that specializes in gathering different sets of collectables in order to advance the game and or boost completion percent.
The game as a whole
Spyro Reignited Trilogy, primarily is a graphic update. Everything else has stayed the same, from enemy placement to level design. But, that doesn’t stop Toys for Bob from going above and beyond to make the definitive way to experience Spyro. The most obvious thing is the cosmetic update. It is gorgeous with a colorful, cartoonish look that fits in with and builds on the original’s pre-existing beauty. It doesn't just stop at that either. The game extends to the music even. The originals had the skill of composer Stewart Copeland who returns with some new music and remixes of originals. Since there are now two tracks for every level, players have been given the option to swap between new and old. The gameplay is the exact same. But, Toys for Bob were able to perfectly recreate the physics of the originals being floaty yet precise.
Spyro the Dragon
Gnasty Gnorc has released a spell freezing all of the dragons into crystal after being insulted and mocked by Lindar (one of the dragons). Luckily Spyro and his dragonfly friend Sparx were able to avoid the spell because they were smaller than the other dragons. Now he needs to travel through the five dragon realms, free all of the 80 dragons captured, find the 12 dragon eggs stolen, and recover all of the 14,000 treasure. Of all these things to collect, the dragons are the priority. These will be found in levels that are featured in the different (previously mentioned) dragon realms. Those being the Artisans, Peace Keepers, Magic Crafters, Beast Makers, and the Dream Weavers. The gameplay involves going into a level, exploring the area, finding and retrieving the collectables, and finding and getting to the exit. This allows for a open world approach to level design.
Spyro 2: Ripto’s Rage!
Due to an extended period of rainfall, Spyro and Sparx decide that they need a vacation. Then they notice a portal to Dragon Shores and travel through it. To their surprise, they land in a realm known as Avalar because the Professor, Elora the Faun, Zoe the Fairy, and Hunter the Cheetah, had redirected the portal to bring them there instead. After a confusing moment, they encountered a dictator named Ripto, who was enraged that the residents had brought a dragon to Avalar. In order to defeat Ripto, Spyro needs to collect the 14 Talismans and 64 Orbs. The gameplay revolves around going into a level, receiving a task from the local people, completing the task and receiving a talisman, exploring, find a secondary task, complete the task, keep finding and completing secondary tasks to keep receiving Orbs and then leave the level. This new level design accounts for a more linear style of play.
Spyro: Year of the Dragon
The Dragon Realms were celebrating an important event: the Year of the Dragon Festival. Every twelve years during this time, the Fairies deliver dragon eggs to the Dragon Realms, which will become the next generation of Dragons. In this year, the Fairies delivered 150 eggs to the Dragon Realms. The Dragons celebrated until they fell over from exhaustion and slept. While they were asleep, a mysterious rabbit girl named Bianca came with an army of Rhynocs to steal the dragon eggs. Now it’s Spyros’ job to collect all 150 eggs. The game is similar to Ripto’s Rage and Spyro 1 with eggs rewarded via exploration and task completion, but it also has the inclusion of different playable characters adding new levels and way of traversal.
Overall, Spyro Reignited Trilogy is the best way to play an outstanding series of games. Even though the game is relatively the same, it still can be enjoyed by both newcomers and veterans alike. With it’s already tight and fun gameplay and now with a modern style, Spyro Reignited Trilogy deserves a 8/10
Roar of Advice Page 12
Ms. Kim, a 7th grade social studies teacher at Cornerstone, continues teaching her first full year as a brand new teacher since joining the staff last semester.
Where were you before you came to Cornerstone?
So I went to Texas A&M in College Station and to the undergrad program for about 4 years, but I was always in Houston. I student taught at Memorial Middle School in 6th grade World Cultures.
Where were you born?
I was born in South Korea, and I lived there until I was 4 years old, and then my mom wanted to get her PhD, and so my whole family moved to College Station.
Why did you decide to come here, to Cornerstone?
So originally, I didn’t have plans on staying in Houston, but literally 2 days before I was going to finish my student teaching at Memorial Middle School, I got a got a phone call from the Human Resources Department for the district who asked if I wanted to interview for a position at CSA as a Social Studies teacher. And so I went in and that’s how I really pretty much landed up here.
Do you like CSA?
I do. I really, really love it. What really makes this place special is you guys and the relationships that I get to build here every single day when I’m at school, yeah.
Why did you want to teach?
So I didn’t start off wanting to teach. I started off wanting to go into medical school. I was set on being an oncologist and I had this whole grand plan, but then what happened was I switched my major in the second year, after spending a summer with a group of students in inner city Houston. And being with students all day, and having activities and fun little crafts and games and just getting to know them, made me realize I’m in the wrong place.
Holt Lang, Sofia Flores, Mia Wells, Carter Cole, Lily Herveat, Casie Law, Bella Stuart, Anna Wolf,
Sarah Miranda, Pierce Janho, Ian Stalnaker, Matthew He, Charlotte Clearman, Danllely Urbina, Kenley Kieschnick, Marcus Wang
Staff Page 3
Features Page 4
Climate Change Page 5
Politics Page 6
Video Games Page 7
Photo Courtesy of M.Vergult
2020 Debates Page 8
Fashion Trends Fall Page 10
Marianne the Librarianne
Wonderful Ms. Kim
September 2019 CSA News Page 3
Comics Page 11
Marianne Vergult, the school librarian, has been at Cornerstone for 18 years. Prior to that she worked overseas in Belgium and Peru at international schools. She met her husband while in Belgium and both of her daughters were born there. Her husband is the French teacher here at CSA.
She likes that CSA is small and that everyone knows each other. She thinks the students here are super nice and smart. She also likes all the CESITs because it is really fun to have choice and have fun learning. When asked to give a quote on her life philosophy, she said, “never give up, follow your passion, do whatever you love to do, find a job that follows your passion. That way when you go to work, it won’t seem like work, but a joy.”
Both of her daughters went to Cornerstone and her favorite memories are from the six years they were here. She likes spiritual books and really cares about doing a good job. When asked about her weaknesses as a teacher she said that sometimes she gets really impatient, loses emotional calm and then regrets it afterwards.
Ms. Vergult went to Texas A&M for her bachelor’s degree and was a teacher for 26 years before becoming the librarian for the last 7 years. She loves school and says she's a nerd. Getting to know her students is an aspect of her job she likes, so she can help them with struggles. She also loves to dance, sing, and travel. Books are inspiring to her because so much learning can happen while lost inside a book. Put your hands together to get inspired for an awesome career like hers.
Table of Contents
In the Amazon Rainforest, a monstrous fire is ablaze, which is reducing Earth’s oxygen level at an alarming rate.
In 2018, Jair Bolsanaro was elected president for Brazil. He decided to lower the protection rate for the rainforest by taking out a sum of money from the ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency). The ARPA protects 70% of the rainforest. Without the money ARPA can’t protect the rainforest which means anybody can go into the rainforest.
During this time, people in other countries like America, would pay a lot of money for cattle. People in Brazil would go into the Amazon and deforest the trees to set up cattle farms. Most fires are caused by a deforestation technique called slash-and-burn, which is fire is used to burn trees down.
There have been over 80,000 fires just this year which means there has been an 80% jump since 2018. This has been the most fires ever recorded by the country’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE). More than 10,400 firefighters have been sent to the rainforest covering over 5.5 million square kilometers. In fact, the Amazon is still burning this minute.
This fire is a big deal because the Amazon Rainforest holds over 20% of the Earth’s oxygen. That’s why this rainforest is referred to as the Earth’s lungs. Fires are also a major part of global warming. We have to protect the rainforest because it holds 3 million different plant and animal species. If we don’t act now, we might lose the Amazon in our lifetime.
September 2019 Features Page 4
Cancer has killed millions. Doctors all around the world are preparing to fight; One doctor, Dr. Matthew Halpert and his team are ready for battle. Here's my interview with him:
How did you get into science?
“Well… I mean, it depends on your question. I was interested in science since elementary, won all the science fair projects. My favorite one was measuring the ph levels and acidity of urine after eating specific food groups. It's a tough question because I can't remember when I wasn't into science.”
In the simplest terms, what is cancer?
“So cancer is in your cells. Or at least one cell in your body has had a very unfortunate mutation that has caused that cell to lose the ability to STOP replicating, and there's hundreds and hundreds of things that affect this process. Could be replicating too fast or too much.”
What cancer did you cure possibly?
“So using the C word ‘cure’ is real dangerous and I'll tell you why. Cure is hard especially with cancer. Let's say this you go and you have cancer and they do something to you and it goes away for 10 years, and then it's back. Are you cured? No”
So then what cancer did you treat?
“So your immune system is what fights the virus. The job of your immune system is to see the threat and remove the threat. The problem with cancer is that it's your own cell that's doing the problem so the immune system does not see it as a threat. What I work on is I'm a cancer immuno therapist and what I do is I work on a way to wake up your immune system So, I don't work on a cancer. In my research I've treated or possibly cured most of them.”
How did you discover that you may have cured cancer?
“By accident as happens with so many awesome discoveries”
When will it be available?
“It's available today, if you’re willing to fly to India. We have partners in India who are so excited about the clinical trials. Were hoping that in the next few months it will be in Mexico. For here in the USA as an approved treatment ...15 to 20 years.”
Being a Police Officer Comes.....
from the Heart
Climate change is affecting many places all over the globe with catastrophic problems. The reasoning behind all of these disastrous issues are because of greenhouse gases spreading into the atmosphere. If we don’t make changes soon, it will dramatically affect the survival of human civilization at about 2050.
Everyday vehicles, the use of electricity and the raising of livestock releases gases such as methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and water vapor are absorbing the heat and warming the earth. There are many devastating issues that will impact us: the ice caps melting causing sea level rise, severe heat waves, which means droughts, fires, and more.
However, there are some problems that are actually happening today. Miami is flooding, Siberia is on fire, the Amazon is burning, and Alaska is in a drought.
In addition, we still have about a decade to fix this before it is too late. Time is ticking, and we need to find a solution. Luckily, there are many ideas out there. According to Dr. Drew Shindell, a NASA Climatologist, “We could make a major dent in climate change in the near term by controlling black carbon and ozone. It could eliminate about half the warming we'll otherwise face over the next 40 years.”
Or, there are some basic solutions. Cornerstone teacher Mrs. Constante says, “ A lot of critics like to use the argument that small solutions like recycling does not make a difference towards climate change. However, I believe if enough people made an effort in carpooling, conserving electricity, using more renewable resources, and cutting down on waste, it can make a difference.”
People could also waste less food, get renewable energy, vote for someone who is bold about climate change, protest, and more.
Climate change can be slowed down, as long as people are all committed to making the changes needed to slow down or reverse the causes.
September 2019 Climate Change Page 5
There is a police officer that puts his community before everything, and makes sure it is safe: that police officer is Officer Miller.
Officer Miller has many duties. He works day and night. During Hurricane Harvey, he was told to bring extra suits because they spent the night sleeping on an air mattress in their offices. He works at a desk and in his car, but he only sits in his car, when he is going from school to school. In the summer he has to patrol the roads for 10-12 hours. On an average day, he carries a backpack with his supplies.
The most rewarding part of his job is the smiles that he gets when he walks into a school, people give him hugs or a high five. It’s a fun job for him because he can meet new people and he watches them grow. Some people come back from college and come to see him.
The most challenging part of Officer Miller's job is he can be really hard on himself and when he gets tired he doesn't want it to show to everyone that he's tired. He doesn't want us to think he is half asleep. The belt that he wears is really heavy gear. Sometimes when he jumps out of the car he forgets that he has 20 pounds on him. It’s also not fun because there is a crime involved. When people argue, he has to go and break it up.
Officer Miller is a police officer because it's in his heart. He always loved volunteering and helping people. Even as a child, he said, “I was always helping”. He puts the community first in everything he does.
ABC’s hit TV drama, Grey’s Anatomy, is coming back for a sixteenth season. Some of the original cast, Ellen Pompeo, Justin Chambers, James Pickens Jr., and Chandra Wilson, are still on the show after fifteen seasons.
Grey’s Anatomy is a TV drama is about surgical interns and residents. The main character, Meredith Grey, is having trouble maintaining social relationships with her coworkers.
ABC is adding a few more characters played by Chris Carmack, Jake Borelli, and Greg German. Chris Carmack tweeted that he was honored to be joining the cast of Grey's Anatomy. Most of the original cast have left the show, as well as people that have come later in the series. Lots of Grey’s Anatomy fans would love to see Addison Montgomery played by Kate Walsh make guest appearances, but Callie Torres played by Sarah Ramirez or Christina Yang played by Sandra Oh are more likely to make appearances.
When I asked who Ms. Geiger would like to see come back, she said “Definitely Christina Yang played by Sandra Oh.” Mrs. Lovell says she would like to see April Kepner played by Sarah Drew and for Christina Yang to come back as well.
Grey’s Anatomy has been running since March 2005, and is the eighth longest running primetime TV show. It has a total of 342 episodes, not including the new seasons.
The new season premieres on Thursday, September 26, 2019. Watch it on ABC. Will there be a seventeenth season?
September 2019 Entertainment Page 7
Tension in The South China Sea Escalates
The Immersive Legend of Zelda
April 2019 Misc... Page 6
The Legend of Zelda, Breath of the Wild is a Wii U and Nintendo exclusive game, which is popular worldwide with both young and old alike. Nintendo creators Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto, and many more people helped make this game. Like all of the other Zelda games, Breath of the Wild takes place in the destroyed Kingdom of Hyrule. Breath of the Wild was made as a follow up to the previous 18 Zelda games, and was released on March 3, 2017. The producers wanted to find a way to “rethink” the game, and that is how Breath of the Wild was born.
The main goal of the game is to defeat the villain, a beast called Calamity Ganon, who ravaged Hyrule years ago, but there are many things to do to prepare for the fateful fight. The world of Hyrule is a free rein, open world game, where players can go wherever they want, without any forced gameplay. It's not all fighting and preparing though, the game adds fun side quests separate from the main quests, to earn prizes, armour, or rare items. These quests are not required to complete the game either, they're just for fun! Breath of the Wild offers four dungeons called Divine Beasts, that when completed, help beat Calamity Ganon. They also grant special powers. Breath of the Wild has downloadable content packs called DLCs that give cool items, armour, and an awesome surprise!
GameSpot recommends Breath of the Wild, saying that it “takes designs and mechanics perfected in other games and reworks them for its own purposes to create something wholly new, but something that still feels quintessentially like a Zelda game... it’s both a return to form and a leap into uncharted territory, and it exceeds expectations on both fronts.”
Photo courtesy of BagoGames
Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
In 2009 Ystad,Sweden Markus (Notch) Persson created Minecraft inspired by Dwarf Fortress using Lightweight Java Game Library (LWJGL).
Markus Persson liked a game called Dwarf Fortress, which inspired him to make a game himself. The game allowed simple tasks like building and mining. Markus used Lightweight Java Game Library (LWJGL) to create Minecraft. Markus helps inspire some building games.
Markus also sells Minecraft to Microsoft. Microsoft then later added some consoles such as Xbox and Windows 10 Edition. Markus decided he needs to charge people for accounts to help finish the game eventually. Markus hired a man named Jakob Porser who helped finish the game. Although the game is always going through changes, there will eventually be a sequel to Minecraft.
Minecraft recently beat Fortnite in a trend. Now 73% of the U.S. play Minecraft according Google. Minecraft in my opinion is one of the best games out there because it is cool to walk around killing creatures. It also inspires creativity in creative mode. Players learn survival in survival mode.
Everett Taylor a CSA 6th grader said he liked Minecraft because he liked building. He would add golf carts if he could. and he just likes building in general
John Lee a CSA 6th grader said he liked Minecraft because it is fun. He would add anything the community says. He also likes to build bases and houses
Minecraft has made over 2 billion dollars alone, and over 176 million copies, according to Gamespot.com.
The South China Sea has always been a place of tension, so much so that in 2014 China started building fake islands, so they could claim most of the South Sea. This has caused their neighbors to expand islands they own. The main reason China is doing this is so they can support their massive economy; however China's building of fake islands has not gone unnoticed by many countries such as the USA, the UK, the Philippines, Germany, France, Vietnam, Japan, Malaysia, and Brunei. Some countries have even supported China like Laos. Many people might be wondering what's been going on.
The USA and other countries have been condemning China for building islands,so they can tax ships. However by building these islands, The Chinese government has been encroaching on other nations sovereignty over this region. This inturn has caused the USA and its allies to station destroyers, frigates, and aircraft carriers along with medical ships. China has done the same, and war is on the horizon. However The Philippines president Rodrigo Duterte has been trying his best to prevent war and invalidate China’s claim to the entire South Sea. This tension could lead to what some people might see as reminiscent of the start of World War I, in which alliances spiral out of control with probably the USA and their allies fighting against China, Russia, North Korea, and Laos. The possible war would also be similar to World War II with the USA and their allies island hopping like with the Japanese in the Pacific theater. However all of this could lead to the outbreak of nuclear war if the USA or China cannot come to peace.
April 2019 Animals Page 9
Have you ever wanted to know if your dog made the cut for one of the top 10 smartest dogs? If you have, then this is the article for you!
#10. The Austrailian Cattle Dog.
The Austrailian Cattle Dog is very active, it’s not aggressive, and it’s protective of its owner.
#9. The Rottweiler.
Rottweilers are good family dogs and one of the best guard dogs. These dogs are also very reliable.
#8. The Papillon.
The Papillon is not aggressive and very smart as well as adventurous.
#7. The Labrador Retriever.
These dogs love to swim, are good with young kids, and are used for protection sometimes.
#6. The Shetland Sheepdog.
This specific dog is always a little cautious around strangers and little children, but they are energetic and work hard.
#5. The Doberman Pinscher.
Doberman Pinschers are known to be a dominant breed, but at the same time they are great family dogs and have lots of stamina.
#4. The Golden Retriever.
This dog is the most popular. It’s great with children and is very loyal.
#3. The German Shepherd.
This dog is used as a police and search dog because these dogs are very intelligent. They are also one of the top 5 most popular dogs.
#2. The Poodle.
These dogs love to be around people and are very obedient, which makes them very easy to train.
Before I tell you what the smartest dog breed is, I asked a student from this school what she thought the smartest dog breed was. “I think the smartest dog breed is a German Shepherd.” Says Jacqueline Deboben.
Sorry Jacqueline you're wrong. The smartest dog breed is the Border Collie. It can’t be left alone for long. It needs a lot of exercise and is very athletic.
Did your dog make the cut for the top 10 smartest dog breeds? Either way, I hope you enjoyed my article!
Photo by Pikabay
Photo Courtesy of ABC News
On September 12, for three hours, the Democratic candidates scuffled in Houston, Texas, for the Democratic National Party’s (DNC) third debate for the 2020 election for president of the United States.
To qualify for the debate, each candidate needed 2% support in four DNC approved polls, and 130,000 individual donors, exactly 2 times the standards for securing a spot in the first two debates. Former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr., Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey, Mayor Pete Buttigieg of South Bend, Ind., Julián Castro, the Former Housing Secretary, Senator Kamala Harris of California, Senator Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota, Former Representative Beto O’Rourke of Texas, Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts, and Andrew Yang, a tech entrepreneur, each had to meet these towering standards to qualify.
One of the most argued over subjects was healthcare. The candidates praised Obama for bringing the nation deep into healthcare, and all pledged to go even deeper, but almost no one had the same plan to do so. Most of the plans involved raising taxes against the big corporations and wealthiest people, but the key differences of the plans quickly turned the subject into a quarreling session. The polite environment that the debate room started out with turned into a room full of bickering, with the candidates striking one another over the issue, with grenades being hurled in every direction. The candidates attacked Trump over the issue of white supremacy and immigration, all saying he had encouraged white supremacy and stopped a significant amount of immigration. Over the recent El Paso shooting motivated by white supremacy, Kamala Harris argued that Trump, “...didn’t pull the trigger, but he’s certainly been tweeting out the ammunition,” arguing that Trump encourages racism.
Each of the candidates’ campaign promises were similar, with comparable healthcare plans and gun control policies. Many of the candidates promised “Medicare for All,” which is a plan to provide health insurance for the people who need it. The bill was introduced by Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, and co-sponsored by Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, with Former VP Joe Biden starting the debate blasting the Senators with questions. “How are we going to pay for it? I want to hear tonight how that’s happening,” says Biden, arguing that his public option proposal would cost less. In the topic of gun control, Beto O’ Rourke in particular took a stubborn, non-compromising stance. “We’re going to take your AR-15, your AK-47. We’re not going to allow it to be used against a fellow American anymore,” meaning he was proposing the idea of barring assault-style weapons.
With 10 candidates speaking in one 3 hour long debate, they had limited speaking time. The candidates individually received one minute and 15 seconds for direct responses to questions, and 45 seconds for counterarguments, although most of the candidates managed to bypass this parameter by just talking past the designated time.
Along with the candidates who traveled to Texas Southern University, ABC News chief anchor George Stephanopoulos, "World News Tonight" anchor David Muir, ABC News correspondent Linsey Davis, and Univision anchor Jorge Ramos joined them in the spotlight as moderators. A fourth debate has already been scheduled in October.
Top 10 Smartest Dogs
April 2019 Politics Page 8
Animals of the Amazon
Did you know that sloths are so lazy that they grow algae on their body?
Sloths are awesome animals that have amazing facts
The sloth grows algae because it has a symbiotic relationship with the algae meaning that the sloth and the algae have a special relationship that helps them live. The algae helps provide the sloth with water and shelter.
Sloths are slow because of their low metabolic rate, which means they process food and energy very slowly.
The facial structure of the sloth makes the appearance of the sloth is constantly smiling even if its in pain.
Sloths have been living for 30 million years.
10,000 years ago the giant ground sloth was extinct. The giant ground sloth was like a sloth but the size of an elephant.
A sloth spends about 90% of its life hanging upside down.
The sloth can spin his head 270 degrees which is almost 360 degrees.
The sloth can sleep up to 15-20 hours a day.
The sloth takes 1 minute to move 30 cm. The sloth is the slowest animal in the world(apart from some humans).
Although the sloth is slow on land the sloth can move 3 times faster in water. The sloth has very big arms which makes it great for swimming. The sloth can also hold its breath for thirty minutes.
Sloths live in the tall trees of South America. Most of them live in the Amazon rainforest.
Sloths only come down to go to the bathroom, to find a mate or to establish new territory.
Sloths are identified as a three toed sloth or a two toed sloth.
Sloths can also scream very high pitched. It can be heard from a mile away.
Sloths eat leaves of cecropia.
Most people say that the sloth is the their inner animal.
Photo courtesy of animalwise.com
April 2019 Fashion Page 10
Slashed and Square Necklines
A VSCO girl is also really popular
April 2019 Comics Page 11
All photos courtesy of Elle.com
The Color Millennial Purple
Fashion Fall Trends
Fashion is a way you can express yourself. People tend to where stuff that matches their personality,these are the top 10 fashion trends of fall.
April 2019 Roar of Advice Page 12
What’s the longest word?
The longest word has 189,819 letters and takes an hour to pronounce so we are just going to pass.
How old are you?
Old enough to write an advice column.
What is the most populated country?
The most populated country is China with 1.386 billion people but India with 1,309 billion people is expected to take over as the most populated country soon.
Is Fortnite still a thing?
Well, it still has 250 million people playing it so it just depends on who you ask.
Why do people do Tik Toks?
Nobody really knows.
How tall are you?
Do you have to wash your hair every day?
Google says to wash your hair 3 times a week.
Do I need shoes?
Well no you only need to have 3 things: water, food, and shelter.
Which is the most deadly shark?
The Great White, the Tiger Shark, and the Bull Shark have killed the most humans.
Who was the president in 1988?
Ask your social studies teacher.
What do we use math for?
We use math to get to the Moon and to make skyscrapers
I have a crush but I don't know what to say.
Well, how about hello?
I flunked an assignment what do I do?
Ask your teacher if you could take it again and if she says no ask if you can do an extra credit assignment. If she says no well… good luck.