...Is it Safe?
Official Presidential Portrait
America's New President
CSA Student Participates in Historic March on Washington
The Year of the Rooster
Self Driving Cars
February 17, 2017
Chinese New Year, often called the Spring Festival, is the largest holiday celebrated by the Chinese and other Asian cultures. Every year has a zodiac sign and January 28th marked the first day of the Year of the Rooster. The celebration has many variations because it is celebrated by many different cultures. Cornerstone student, Kenny Nguyen celebrates by, “getting together with family, usually my relatives come over to my house or we go to someone else’s house. We eat, drink, pass out ‘li xi,’ which is money.”
Chinese New Year always lands on a different date every year because of the Chinese lunisolar calendar which is a calendar based on the phases of the moon and the sun’s months.
Families usually have their houses completely cleaned and decluttered beforehand to clear out the bad energy collected from last year to welcome in the new year. It is believed bad spirits, scared of the color red and loud noises, show up during this time of year. To scare them away, families hang up red Chinese decorations around their house, and launch fireworks on New Year’s Eve.
On the big day, more fireworks are launched, and traditions are shared. “I eat mooncakes, and I get money, and I write wishes on trees. I am looking most forward to the money and food, in that order.”, says Emily Yu. Mooncakes are a special dessert eaten during big Chinese holidays. Inside, there is a moon made of red bean or egg yolk meant for lunar appreciation.
A little tradition, most looked forward to by the kids, are the red envelopes called ‘li xi’ in Vietnamese, that contain money. These are passed out on New Year’s day from the adults to the kids for good luck. The celebrations often include a traditional dance known as the lion dance, where lions dance to drums and tell stories and sometimes steal money.
“To start a book of lyrics for my rap CD…. To make a rap album”
- Mr. Barton
A Sweet History
Hoa Chan Do
“To get all A’s on my report card”
- Joanie Sanders
“To explore my social environment”
- Solana Ripple
Cornerstone's Aspiring Actress
“ My new year’s resolution is to stretch everyday so I can get more flexible at ballet.” - Gabriella Starlin
The New Year has started, and people are hoping for a better year. An 8th grader at Cornerstone, Sabine Waldron wishes, “ hopefully for less drama, and to be nicer to people and realize how everybody works, and be mutual with everyone.” Every year people go into the new year determined to make a change for the better. Making resolutions could help better people, but do people actually stick to them? According to the Statistic Brain Research Institute Survey only about 45% of people who make resolutions actually make it past 6 months, and most resolutions last only the first week. Along with much of the population, most students surveyed at Cornerstone didn’t even have resolutions in the first place.
For the people who are interested in making an effort to change, search engines are making it easier for people to get the inspiration they need to motivate them. “Get healthy”, “Get organized”,“Live life to the fullest”, and “travel” are some of the most Googled resolutions for 2017 pulled by iQuanti. Good luck to anyone who is trying to maintain their resolution. Keep on trying because people who put effort, research, time, and money into their resolutions are 10 times more likely to reach their goals than people who don’t. Here are some of Cornerstone Academy’s students’ resolutions:
“Eat all the food in the house”
- Sofia Yrigoyen
Why I Marched in Washington
“To read the Bible everyday”
- Katy Murphy
“To come up with a new year’s resolution for next year”
- Antonia Conkright
Table of Contents
New Year's Resolutions
CSA Roar Staff
Picture captured by user IQremix on Flickr
Top from left: Arwen Lineberry, Lee Seelig, Michael Sledge, Hoa Chan Do, Anika Miro-Quesada, Thanh-y Nguyen
Bottom from left: Kari Marques, Cristina Landa, Jiya Patel
“To not have that much anxiety”
- Edie Statford
“ To run more and drink more water”
- Ms. Futrell
Courtesy of Cornerstone yearbook
Courtesy of Cornerstone yearbook
Stephen Sondheim’s Into the Woods, a hit musical of 1987, was adapted and showcased at Theater Under The Stars (TUTS) in December of 2016, bringing a personal favorite of many to the modern stage. A new change to the end brought acting prodigies on stage with professionals.
One of the young actresses was a sixth grader from Cornerstone Academy, Hannah Pettit. Playing the role of young witch, Hannah performed every night of the show, working with fellow acting friends and professionals to gather a sense of professional acting.
“A lot of kids went from all over TUTS, and we auditioned ...I had a slight chance of even getting in… but they sent out the cast list, and all of my friends got the other young characters, and I got the young witch... We started rehearsals about a month later.”
The aspiring actress said they “practiced a few hours, almost every other day for a couple of weeks... [They] put on the whole show in two weeks…”
She hopes to participate in more shows, her latest audition being for the musical The Sound of Music, which will be showing on Broadway in New York.
To prepare her for an acting career, Hannah takes classes at TUTS in singing, acting, and dancing. All these skills prepared her for performing in Into the Woods. She has also watched both the movie and recording of the original production to help during the performances.
The storyline follows the coinciding of several famous fairy tales, including Jack and the Beanstalk, Rapunzel, Little Red Riding Hood, and Cinderella. Sondheim ties these stories together with the telling of the quest of a baker and his wife seeking out specific items from each of the fairy tales to give a witch in exchange for a long-wanted child.
The items, “the cow as white as milk, the cape as red as blood, the hair as yellow as corn, and the slipper as pure as gold,” are owned by characters Jack, Rapunzel, Red Riding Hood, and Cinderella, respectively. To acquire the items, the baker and wife learn of the work required for personal gain, a moral portrayed comically, giving the audience several metaphors and messages to ponder.
The witch, Rapunzel’s adopted mother, voices a very strong warning on parenting and the hardships faced while growing up in the final song “Children Will Listen”. This is the point when the Cornerstone star and other casted TUTS students enter the stage. Hannah Pettit and the accomplished cast from Theater Under the Stars’ Into the Woods beautifully retold the story of several well-known fairy tale characters with a new, innovative ending and a recreation of one of Broadway’s hit musicals.
Sixth grader Sydney Krenz proved her prowess by winning Cornerstone Academy’s annual on December of 2016. Sydney won the Spelling Bee because she spelled every word correctly until the whole thing was over. “I felt happy winning the spelling bee because when I was in i was ready to win that medal.”, said Sydney Krenz.
In 2014, 27.8 percent were returning spellers. Kids are given a total of two minutes to spell a word and the countdown begins when the pronouncer first pronounces the word.
Eighth grade Sergio Castagnoli proned his world geography prowess by 11 winning Cornerstone Academy's 12th annual National Geography Bee on January 13, 2017. Sergio won the GeoBee because he got every question correctly until he got up to the championship round. “It was pretty amazing feeling. I went in ready to try my best and was ready to let myself down when I lost, but with luck and knowledge of geography I was able to take that dollar store medal and win the Bee!” After he wins the championship he has to take a on-line test and if he is the top 100 in Bedford, TX on March 31, to compete in the State Bee. After that he goes to the National Geographic Bee which takes place at the National Geographic headquarters in Washington D.C.
photo courtesy of Teresa Pettit
Red Ribbon Week
Manuel Sidonio a 6th grader at Cornerstone Academy did an outstanding project on Why People Do Street Art. Manuel created a tri-fold. According to him he chose it because, “My older brother introduced it to me because he was working under a graffiti artist for a little while, and he inspired me.”
Camden Graham from 7th grade amazed everyone with his PBL project by creating a project about the 7 wonders of the World. He had podiums with little lego statues of the Wonder along with descriptions connecting them to each other. “I chose to do the 7 new wonders of the world because I like history and I like traveling, and my dad has been too two of them, and I have been to one of them.”
Sabine Waldron did Hamilton as her PBL for 2017. Sabine's project included a tri-fold poster about Hamilton along with a sting art and multiple facts and photos from the play. The reason she did Hamilton for her PBL is because, “I fell in love with it last year, and I am just really obsessed with the music, and I knew already a lot about it whenever I was starting my project, but I wanted to get more in depth with it and I wanted to learn more about why Lin-Manuel wanted to create it, and you know like the back-story behind it.”
Courtesy of CSA Yearbook
To create awareness about the dangers of drugs, Cornerstone Academy’s (CSA) Student Council is sponsoring their annual Red Ribbon Week, where CSA students dress up based on various themes to highlight the dangers of drug use.
The first Red Ribbon week was held in La Mirada and Norwalk, California, which was started after the death of a DEA agent (Drug Enforcement Administration).The teacher that organizes Red Ribbon Week is Ms. Lantier. Red Ribbon Week was held on January 22nd through the 27th. “ What I like about Red Ribbon Week is that we turn our back on drugs and do the activities like Nerd Day and Crazy Hair Day.”, said Nadia Zuniga a sixth grade student at CSA. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an estimated 20 million Americans aged 12 years or older used an illegal drug in the past 30 days. This estimate represents eight percent of the population aged 12 years or older. Some examples of illicit drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine, or prescription type drugs which hare also illegal when people want to use them without a prescription.
“I think Red Ribbon Week is a fun way to get kids involved in learning how drugs are not good for you. It’s a quirky way to get involved to stay drug free and that is the best.”, said Ms. Lantier, a 7th grade Student Council teacher at CSA.
Here were the days for Red Ribbon Week:
Monday: Backwards Day
Tuesday: Nerd Day
Wednesday: Twin Day
Thursday: Crazy Hair Day
Friday: Red Day
Picture of Sergio Castagnoli courtesy of Mrs. Wood
The Bees are Buzzing with Knowledge.
Picture of Sydney Krenz courtesy of Mrs. Wood
Courtesy of CSA Yearbook
New Species of 2016
Photo courtesy of flicker.com
Photo courtesy of enviorment.nationalgeographic.com
In the Gulf of Mexico, acres of dead coral greeted a group of shocked divers as they plunged into the waters of the Flower Garden Banks Marine Sanctuary, 105 miles southeast off the coast of Port Arthur, Texas on July 25, 2016. This area of the Gulf of Mexico has long been a great place to dive, not to mention home to millions of creatures. For reasons unknown to scientists, what was once a healthy coral reef suddenly became a field of death in just a few days. Cheryl Miller, a marine biologist from Florida says, “Someone came up from the dive and said, ‘There’s something going on—the water isn’t very clear.’ I went in and it was pretty devastating. The corals were sloughing their tissues. Visibility was nothing.” Emma Hickerson, the research coordinator for the sanctuary heard many complaints from visitors that came and was confused. A couple days before, the coral reef had been just fine. Since she was concerned, she decided to go down and see for herself. What she saw was horrific! There were acres and acres of dead coral, sponges, dead crustaceans, and no fish in sight! This big problem concerns many people. “I feel sad because coral reefs are home to millions of fish and it will affect the whole world,” says 6th grader Ana Martinez. With the extinction of many rare fish species and murky oceans, the sea won't be as magical anymore. Scientists are still trying to figure out why the coral reefs are dying around the world. “I think the coral reefs are dying because of the lack of recycling and oil spills. Beaches are getting dirtier,” says Mrs. Constante, a 6th grade science teacher. Even though marine biologists and others are trying to figure out the source of the sanctuary’s dying coral reefs, there are still many theories including overfishing, climate change, high acidity in the water, pollution, and overuse from visitors. Hopefully, scientists will discover the problem and it will not be too late for the Gulf of Mexico’s coral reefs.
Photos courtesy of Simon Crera
Bottle of Science
Courtesy of theropoda.blogspot.com
Mysterious Tully Monster- A fossil discovered in Illinois in 1958 was so strange that researchers called it the Tully Monster, naming it after Francis Tully, the amateur collector who found it. Later, it was discovered to be a 307 million year old fish.
Self Driving Cars
Klingon Newt- The Klingon Newt was named after the alien species from ‘Star Trek’ with a furrowed brow. It has a bumpy head and is one of the 163 undescribed species that live in Southeast Asia.
Courtesy of sciencedaily.com
Coral Reef Calamity
By Michael Sledge
Scientists believe that there are about 10 million species on earth, but only about 2 million have been discovered and named. Most of the newly discovered animals are insects, but it is clear there is still more to discover. Here are five new species discovered in 2016:
Angler fish - A new species of angler fish was discovered in the Gulf of Mexico. It may actually take the spot as the world's ugliest fish.
Giant Tortoise - A new species of giant tortoise, known as the Santa Cruz Tortoise was discovered despite many scientists believing them to be extinct. It was found on the island of Santa Cruz in the Galapagos Islands.
Peacock spiders- Peacock spiders are super tiny. There are at least 48 different kinds of Peacock spiders and all of the newfound ones discovered were no larger than 5 millimeters.
Have you ever looked out the window and saw something strange? “I remember when I was little, I went outside and saw an avalanche,” said Mr.Gregg, an 8th grade science teacher. Many cool and interesting phenomenons happen every day in the world and many people try to understand them. Some of those strange things are...
Blue Lava in Ethiopia- A volcano in Ethiopia, Africa is on a plain and erupts blue lava. Scientists say it gets its blue color from the poisonous gas that the lava burns called sulphuric gas.
Frost Flowers in Antarctica- Frost flowers are delicate ice blooms that are home to a bacteria called Microbes. Microbes can survive in the most freezing temperatures and can live on the Arctic Ocean. When ice forms over them, frost starts to form and creates frost flowers
Red Crab Migration in Christmas Island-the Red Crab species on Christmas Island off the coast of Asia is unbelievable. Over four million Red Crabs migrate across the island to breed and create offspring.
Great Blue Hole in Belize- The Great Blue Hole is actually a sinkhole that was formed in the ocean thousands of years ago and was renamed the Great Blue Hole in 1956, It's located in Belize off the coast of Central America and stretches 300 meters across and 108 meters deep. It's known for its great scuba diving and snorkeling.
Rainbow Eucalyptus Trees in Australia - These amazing trees have patches of outer bark that are shed annually at different times. They darken and mature to give blue, purple, orange, lime, and then maroon tones. This beautiful phenomenon is mainly in Australia, but can also be found in New Britain, Ceram, Mindanao, and New Guinea which are all close to Australia or China.
Courtesy of livescience.com
Self-driving cars will be on roadways soon. Will it be a hit for drivers or hit drivers? A self-driving car, also known as an autonomous car, has three key components, according to Mobileye Chief Technology Officer Amnon Shashua. It must, “sense the road, map the road, and negotiate its placement on the road. To do this, the car has a sensor spinning at 360 degrees to sense everything around it, while also having a navigation system, other sensors and video.”
With a self-driving car, people can achieve more productivity while in the automobile with fewer accidents. For example, in normal cars when people are driving and attempting to multi-task, such as talking on the phone or texting, there’s a much higher chance of getting in a accident. However, if the car is self-driving, the driver can focus on other tasks while decreasing the chance of an accident. This benefit can be used for people going to work and wanting to finish last minute tasks because the car can be on auto pilot and the passenger can complete their work while enroute. The driver should still pay attention to the road even when on autopilot. Self-driving cars will also lessen the chance of accidents from intoxicated drivers, tired driving, speeding, or distractions.
For every benefit in technology, there are always going to be some flaws. The program that runs the car is going to be faced with difficult moral decisions. For example, how will the computer react to different situations, such as as the car driving and three people are jaywalking and the car is going too fast to stop safely? The car's computer would have to make a choice to either hit the three civilians or potentially sacrifice the driver’s safety. The car will function according to its programming according to life or death decisions to make these life or death decisions. People either fear or are excited about the concept of self-driving cars. “I think it's going to be a great innovation and help society with safety” says 7th grader Leo Chen. Another issue with self-driving cars is who would be to be blame when an accident occurs, the driver or the car? Clearly, there are both positives and negatives associated with this upcoming technology.
Courtesy of The Washington Post
The new Republican Congress is laying the groundwork to repeal the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare. A rushed repeal without a replacement plan would have disastrous consequences for the millions who have benefited from the law and the three-trillion-dollar healthcare industry. It must not happen.
On March 23rd, 2010, President Obama signed the Affordable Care Act or ACA after Congress passed it. The goal of the ACA was to make healthcare higher quality, more affordable, and more accessible. Republicans have denounced the law, vowing to repeal if they ever got the opportunity, as they do now.
In the years since its passing, the ACA has helped many Americans. It has ensured insurance companies are charging reasonable rates. It also requires them to cover some essential services like cancer screenings and vaccines at no cost and has made it harder for them to deny coverage to sick clients. The law has benefited women by giving them more options and forbidding insurance companies from charging them more than men. It has made Medicare cheaper to seniors, and ACA marketplaces allow people who are not covered by their workplace and low-income Americans to buy affordable health care. Although many consider the ACA very costly, it has brought health care inflation to its lowest in 50 years, saving America billions. Furthermore, it has covered over 20 million people since it was signed, and as 6th grade CSA student Sam Downs pointed out, “The uninsured rate [in America] is at its lowest in history.”
“These are real families getting real coverage,” commented President Obama in an interview with Vox Media. “I get letters every day from people who say, ‘This has saved my life,’…or, ‘My son, who got hooked on some sort of opioid, has been able to get treatment,’ or, ‘I was able to get a mammogram that caught cancer in time.’”
Additionally, repealing the ACA now before the Republicans devise a replacement plan could have devastating consequences. Several cancer patients and organizations are concerned about the possible outcomes. If Congress repeals the ACA, many cancer patients will no longer be able to afford lifesaving treatments. One Cornerstone student is also worried about a rushed repeal’s impact. “I know some people…who can’t pay for hospital bills,” he said. “They need Obamacare to pay for checkups and hospital visits.” If Congress repeals the ACA before they replace it, many will pay with their lives.
Several hospitals and insurers worry about a repeal’s impact on the three-trillion-dollar healthcare industry. In a letter to President Trump, the largest hospital lobbies in America, the American Hospital Association and the Federation of American Hospitals claimed, "Losses of this magnitude cannot be sustained and will ... decimate hospitals' and health systems' ability to provide services, weaken local economies ... and result in massive job losses." They estimated more than 200 billion dollars in possible losses for their members. A healthcare industry collapse would hurt all Americans, not just people covered by the ACA.
When Obama initially tried to pass the ACA, he sought to gain Republican support. To ensure this, he based the ACA on, “a plan in Massachusetts that had been designed on a bipartisan basis, including…Republican Governor [Mitt Romney] … that came close to providing universal coverage.” Instead of attempting to negotiate a better compromise in good faith, Republicans in Congress vehemently opposed the ACA sought to block it. Eventually, the Democrats muscled it through Congress without a single Republican vote. Now, the tables are turned, and the Republicans have the power to dismantle it. They must NOT repeal the ACA without a powerful replacement to ensure the well-being of the American people.
By Maura Hoffman
Why I Marched In Washington
By Lee Seelig
On January 21, 2017, my mother & I traveled to Washington, DC for the Women’s March on Washington. Our plane was not full of people going to the march, but our shuttle van was. One woman played the live stream of the event.
As we neared our exit, police officers had blocked it and were forcing cars to continue down the road. Since we were a few blocks from the rally point, we exited the van and hopped over the highway walls before the cops could stop us. My mom was so excited - she said it felt like Christmas morning.
When we arrived at the rally point, we found out that too many people had come to the march. People were coming from all directions and trying to squeeze into the same space. We were supposed to meet cousins but the crowds were too large and cell service was not available. We spent our time reading signs and talking to people. A lot of people thanked me for coming and said they were marching for my generation.
Many were amazed that we had flown from Houston just that morning in order to march. We listened to the rally speakers on the jumbo tron. We chanted, “Show me what democracy looks like. This is what democracy looks like.” Also, “No hate, no fear; refugees are welcome here.”
We marched from the Department of Agriculture, along the mall, and passed the Washington Monument. It was peaceful. People were kind. I marched with women, men, and children. People of all races and ages. I helped make history.
Save the Affordable Care Act
Photo Courtesy of Gary Cameron.
On January 20th, 2017, Donald Trump became the President of the United States. Many notable people, including the Obamas, Clintons, and other former presidents, were in attendance, witnessing America’s peaceful transition of power.
The day was kicked off with a visit by Mr. and Mrs. Trump to the White House where they met with Michelle and Barack Obama to have tea, an Inauguration Day tradition. Afterward, they were then escorted to the Capitol to begin the Inauguration. At noon, Mr. Trump and Governor Pence took the Oath of Office and became the new President and Vice President of the United States.
Afterward, Trump orated his Inaugural Address, his first speech as President. At a little less than 20 minutes, it was relatively short. His speech focused on his nationalistic agenda and campaign theme of restoring the working people of America. He promised to secure our borders, bring back jobs, and revitalize the economy. President Trump concluded his speech by reiterating a campaign promise: "From mountain to mountain, from ocean to ocean, hear these words: you will never be ignored again. Your voice, your hopes and your dreams will define our American destiny." Although President Trump did not discuss healing the political divide in America, Senator Chuck Schumer (D-NY) discussed themes of unity in a speech he made at the inauguration.
During the event, many protesters took to the streets. Although the overwhelming majority were peaceful, some protesters clashed with the DC police, and by the end of the day, six officers had minor injuries and 217 protesters had been arrested. One protester, Asheley Link, described her feelings about the violent protests that ensued, "I'm all about peaceful protesting, practicing nonviolence, but at the same time, I understand why people are so frustrated." she said. "They are so upset about so many things in our country right now that … there's not a poster big enough to cover all the things that people are frustrated about." Like many Americans, she shares the concerns of some of the more violent protesters, but she condones their use of violence.
Feelings of jubilation, hope, anger, dissent, and unity were shared at the Inauguration. The world will be watching as a new President takes office and a new era in America dawns.
Courtesy of White House photographer
The ACA is signed. Photo Courtesy of Pete Souza.
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2
After saving the galaxy in “Guardians of the Galaxy,” Star Lord and his friends have to go on a journey to stop an old enemy, Nebula, while also finding Star Lord’s dad. “Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2” will come out in theaters on May 5, 2017 -Rated PG 13
The sweet Valentines treat that we all hope to receive in a heart shaped box was first received by Europeans in 1502 on an island thirty miles north of Honduras. To be more specific, what the Europeans actually found were cacao beans, an essential ingredient in making chocolate. After a long historic journey, these cacao beans eventually became the basis in chocolate we know and love today.
Although the love for chocolate is all over the world people do not know the origin behind the bitter-sweet treat. Nor do they try to discover the story behind chocolate.
But curiosity is how we ultimately discovered chocolate in the first place.
European explorer, Christopher Columbus, on his fourth voyage came across a Mayan trading canoe that had a large cargo of cacao beans. It was very clear that cacao beans were extremely valuable to the Mayans. If a single bean fell to the ground, they would immediately pick it up. It was so precious, in fact, that cacao beans were often used as a currency. The Mayans used the beans to create a chocolate drink that was used in many ways throughout their culture including, marriage bindings, chief meetings, and negotiations of peace.
Chocolate however, was actually used as a medicinal drink, and yes it was a drink and not a solid food, when it first reached Europe. The beverage was said to cure fevers and doctors considered it to be a medicine.It was only later in 1847 that a company, Bristol company Fry and Son created the first solid chocolate bar. Years later, in 1861, Richard Cadbury invented the first ever heart-shaped chocolate box for Valentine's Day. Since then, the tradition has become increasingly popular to give chocolate to your sweet-heart on that very special day.
In 2017, there are many new movies coming out and not surprisingly, many of the movies are by Marvel.
Drum roll please, the BBC Music Awards is a competition held every year in December in the United Kingdom where stars, music artists, and bands compete in different categories to see who is the best! Bob Shennan, who is the host of the BBC Music Awards and the owner at the BBC Channel 1 and Channel 2 says,”It’s a time to celebrate different stars and for everyone to have fun and enjoy themselves”. Some of the stars who were the winners of The BBC Music Awards were Adele, Coldplay, and The 1975. Each of them were voted for by millions of people around the globe,”I love these music award shows. They're always super fun and entertaining,” said Hanna Landa, an 8th grader. Many stars were at the BBC Music awards. Here are the winners.
Izzy Bizu: Izzy Bizu is a country girl who loves to sing She started to sing when she was 17 and became the star she is. She won Best Introduction!
Coldplay: Coldplay is a small band that has talent! They say there songs are not just songs but memories.
Coldplay won best British artist!
Adele: Adele is a singer. She is considered one of the best artist and has won many awards. This year she won 2 awards, Best Song of 2016 and, Best album, 25!
Courtesy of wikimedia commons
Photos Courtesy of BBC Music
After saving the future in “X-men: Days of Future Past,” Logan, known as Wolverine, comes back to the present realizing that he only delayed the end of mutants. Now he has to hide with Professor X while t
taking care of a mutant girl pursued by enemies. “Logan” will come out in theaters on March 3, 2017 and will be the last film focusing on Wolverine.
Since the 1900’s Americans have celebrated Black History Month, a designated time to recognize the role African Americans have played in the United States. Every year, Black History Month has a different theme. This year it is the crisis in black education and how their education has evolved since the time of slavery.
According to the Texas State History Association, education for blacks in Texas was almost non-existent in the 1800’s. Based on the data we have, as of 1850, there were fewer than 400 free African Americans in Texas. Only approximately half of those were literate and only 20 were in school. There was opposition to educating African Americans for fear that they would start rebelling and become self-aware.
The African Americans prefer segregated schools because they wanted their kids to not get bullied. The schools had less funding which meant they had less books, inferior buildings, and the teachers were paid less in a black school. The whites in the beginning thought that African-Americans should not be educated because they were scared it would harm their sacred balance, because they would challenge white supremacy and they wouldn’t be content with their jobs. Even though there are big gaps between the education of an African American and that of the white person. According to National Education Association (NEA) the percentage of Blacks age 25 and older with a high school diploma or more was 72 percent, compared to 85.5 percent for Whites. In addition, Blacks with bachelor's degrees or more was 14 percent, compared to 27 percent of Whites. There is a large number of male African American students being placed in unnecessary special needs classes, and there are fewer people in honors or advanced classes. Stereotypes also plays a major role in African American education, which makes it harder for them to succeed in school. According to Akisha R. Jones , Ph.D., an education researcher at Harvard University, African American students in North Carolina make up 26 percent of the student population in public schools. But make up 51 percent of suspensions and 38 percent of expulsions. Researchers at Harvard University have also found that if there were to be equal education for all, it would drastically reduce the inequality differences between African Americans and whites.
Courtesy of soon.net
After helping Iron Man in “Captain America: Civil War”, Spider-Man goes back to being Peter Parker while also being mentored by Iron Man and facing a mysterious vulture enemy. “Spider- Man: Homecoming” will come out in theaters on July 7 2017.
Education is the Answer
By Anika Miro-Quesada
Courtesy of Flickr user LongitudeLatitude
Feburary 17, 2017 History Page 11
BBC Music Awards
Feburary 17, 2017 Entertainment Page 10
CSA Valentine's Day Dance