high commissioner of India to Canada
Message from the chair oF CICE's governing council
I am happy to learn that the Canada – India Centre for Excellence (CICE) is bringing out a quarterly newsletter, “Innovation Connections”, to keep readers updated on developments in the areas of science & technology, trade, policy and cultural cooperation between India and Canada. India and Canada are strategic partners. Our relationship is anchored on a strong foundation of democracy, multi - cultural ism, economic synergies and robust people - to - people ties.
I am confident that the CICE Newsletter will enhance the information flow between entrepreneurs, academics, industries and investors of both countries and facilitate ‘win-win synergies’.
I wish the initiative all success!
The Canada-India Center for Excellence for Science, Technology, Trade and Policy was established in 2011 as a joint collaboration project between the High Commission of India, Carleton University and members of the Indo-Canadian community across the country.
We believed that Canada needed a platform, which was supported by the governments of India and Canada, the academic community, and the Indian diaspora, to engage in in-depth conversations required to move the bilateral partnership forward. CICE provides a platform for open, transparent and thoughtful conversations.
Carleton University, under the leadership of Dr. Roseann O’Reilly Runte, has been a champion for a strong Canada-India partnership and helped us make our vision a reality. I would also like to express my deepest gratitude for the support CICE has received from its founding members.
Our vision is clear and our goal is within reach. We will continue to work with all relevant agencies to achieve our goal to improve the lives of people in both countries.
-Dr. Pradeep Merchant
Welcome from CICE
The Canada-India Centre for Excellence (CICE) at Carleton University is pleased to publish the first edition of Canada-India Innovation Connections. The aim of this quarterly publication is to provide in-depth insights into the most relevant national, bilateral, and multilateral initiatives in the areas of science, technology, innovation, and trade that impact both countries.
We look forward to providing you with clear, concise, and relevant information and analysis to keep you informed. If you have any questions or would like to write an op-ed, please contact us at email@example.com.
For a full repository of national and bilateral policies, agreements, and data, or to network with domain experts, please visit our knowledge hub at www.knowledgehub.ca.
a word from his excellency Mr. Vishnu prakash
Quarterly updates on science, technology, trade and policy
In November 2015, over twenty countries came together to form Mission Innovation (MI). The aim of the mission is to accelerate global clean energy innovation as a means of achieving breakthroughs in revolutionizing energy systems throughout the world.
Collectively, the twenty-one partners represent well over eighty percent of global public investment in clean energy research and development, currently totaling approximately $15 billion per year. The founding members, which include countries such as Australia, Canada, Germany, India, Norway, the United States and the United Kingdom, have each pledged to seek a doubling in their governmental and/or state-directed clean energy research and development investment over five years, reaching around a combined $30 billion per year by 2021. These efforts under Mission Innovation represent an unprecedented acceleration of research and development efforts for innovative clean energy technologies.
At the inaugural ministerial meeting held on June 2, Ministers from MI founding countries formed a Steering Committee, adopted an Enabling Framework, and agreed to a mission statement to help provide a foundation for accelerated progress. MI partners also issued the preliminary results from an analysis of existing technology roadmaps where a number of countries have already identified initial tangible opportunities for additional collaboration.
Many world-leading investors including Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg have formed a complementary group, the Breakthrough Energy Coalition, to create "the critical link between government innovation and entrepreneurship to bring affordable clean energy technologies to market".
Clean energy innovation is critical to reducing the cost of clean energy technology, building on economic growth, improving global energy security, combating climate change and improving the provision of services to the poor. For more information, please see consult: mission-innovation.net
Energy and Climate Change
India has announced an ambitious plan for deployment of 175 GW renewable energy capacity by 2022 which includes 100 GW of solar 60 GW wind, 10 GW from biomass and 5 GW from small hydro power. The Government has also embarked on a project for construction of 100 Smart Cities which includes a blue print with adequate provision for use of renewable and energy efficient technologies.
Budget 2016 committed to invest over $1 billion over four years to support clean technology in the natural resource sectors which will play a critical role in Canada’s transformation into a low-carbon economy; $2.9B over five years for activities that address climate change and air pollution issues, including taking action to reduce emissions from transportation and energy; and $5B over 5 years for investment in green infrastructure, beginning in 2017.
India and Canada working together
Residential and commercial buildings, appliances and equipment
Renewable Energy Sources
On-shore Wind energy
Off-shore Wind energy
Other renewable energy sources
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Other power and storage technologies
Electric power generation (advance but non-renewable)
Electricity transmission and distribution
Energy storage (non-transport applications)
Other cross-cutting technologies or research
Energy system analysis
Basic energy research that cannot be allocated to a specific category
Clean Energy Includes
canada's innovation agenda
The monsoon session of India's parliament will commence on July 18. The following draft bills are pending and may become laws:
The Constitutional (122nd) Amendment Bill, 2014 (better known as the GST Bill)
This will turn India into a single market for trade purposes. It aims to reduce the cascading effect of tax on the cost of goods. GST implementation will lead to a complete overhaul of the current indirect tax system in India.
The Factories (Amendment) Bill 2014
The bill will align India's labor laws with the International Labour Organizations (ILO) conventions. For example, it will provide clarity on workers' safety, overtime hours, higher minimum wages, health and welfare, and special rights for disabled workers.
The Electricity (Amendment) Bill 2014
This bill will bring in more competition in the energy distribution sector by enabling state electricity regulatory commissions to issue licenses and permit end customers to choose their power providers.
The Consumer Protection Bill 2015
This bill is aimed at creating a Central Consumer Protection Authority with authority to take action against unfair trade practices, defective products, and unfair price practices through non-legal means. The bill will create a Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission and a Consumer Mediation Cell at various levels of the government, including at the district, state and national levels.
upcoming relevant legislations
india's upcoming monsoon session
The Government of Canada announced its plan for consultations on the new Innovation Agenda in Budget 2016. This new plan is meant to replace the current S&T strategy that has been in place since 2007.
Public consultations will be anchored around six key pillars:
Entrepreneurial and Creative Society
Global Science Excellence
World-Leading Clusters and Partnerships
Grow Companies and Accelerate Clean Growth
Compete in a Digital World
Ease of Doing Business
To participate in the consultations, please click here: http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/062.nsf/eng/home
Review of Federal Support for Fundamental Science
The Government has also launched a review of how the federal government supports fundamental science. The scope of the review includes the three main granting councils i.e. NSERC, SSHRC, and CIHR and the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI). The government has appointed a review panel that consists of:
Dr. Robert Birgeneau
Dr. Martha Crago
Mr. Mike Lazaridis
Dr. Claudia Malacrida
Dr. Art McDonald
Dr. Martha Piper
Dr. Rémi Quirion
Dr. Anne Wilson
review and consultations
June – July 2015: Mission started
August – December 2015: Cities entered competition
January 2016 : First winners announced
May 2016: Second list announced
new names announced
As part of Prime Minister Modi’s Smart City Mission, a second list of 13 smart cities was announced, bringing the total number to 33 within the country. This initiative is part of the government's project aimed to build or develop 100 smart cities by 2020, building cities' livelihood and sustainability, focused on environment, energy, transportation and clean water.
This project is being implemented through a bottom up approach: cities provide their own designs to states, which in turn make recommendations to the federal government.
1. Lucknow (UP)
2. Warangal (Telegana)
3. Dharmshala (HP)
4. Chandigarh (Punjab)
5. Raipur (Chattisgarh)
6. New Town (Kolkata)
7. Bhagalpur (Bihar)
8. Panaji (Goa)
9. Port Blair (Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
10. Imphal (Manipur)
11. Ranchi (Jharkhand)
12. Agartala (Tripura)
13. Faridabad (Haryana)
what does a smart city look like?
While there is no one standardized definition of a Smart City applicable to all regions and countries, generally stating, a Smart City is an urban region that includes adequate water and electricity supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transportation, affordable housing, robust IT connectivity and digitalization, good governance and inclusion of e-Governance reforms, and environment sustainability.
India's smart cities mission
india's renewable energy push
At the COP21 meeting held in Paris last year, India made a commitment of meeting 40 percent of its installed electric power generation using renewable energy by 2030. To achieve this target, India is tlooking to install renewable energy powered micro and mini grids throughout the country.
India has made significant efforts in the fields of electrification and renewables since 2014. The Modi Government has committed to boost India’s non-hydro renewable power capacity to 175 GW by 2022. While the target is considereed ambitious, an increasing number of analysts are expressing confidence that the solar power generation goal may be achievable. In 2015, the Government launched various policies supporting the renewable energy push . For example, reverse auctions have driven down solar energy costs to less than 5 rupees per kilowatt-hour, which is lower than India’s average wholesale power rate. As a result, some solar farms are now cheaper than building new coal fired power plants.
The Original Twenty
India partnership overview
From left to right: Carmen Altamirano (GAC); Dr. Saroj Mishra (GAC); Patrick Sheedy (NRC-IRAP); Nidhi Seth (GITA); Perry Quan (NRC-IRAP); Bogdan Ciobanu (NRC-IRAP); Melanie Cullins (NRC); Dr. Naveen Vasishta (DST); Dr. Arabinda Mitra (DST); Dr. Suprotim Ganguly (GITA); Vimal Kumar (GITA); Samrat Ghatak (GITA); Nilesh Patel (GITA); Rahul Kulshreshtha (GITA) and Bhupendra Gupta (GITA).
finding a partner and matchmaking
Request for proposals
Government of India
Make in India is a national initiative designed to: facilitate investment; foster innovation; enhance skill development; protect intellectual property; and build best-in-class manufacturing infrastructure. www.makeinindia.com
What is it?
Canadian international innovation program (CIIP)
The Canadian International Innovation Program (CIIP) is a large federal government initiative managed by Global Affairs Canada’s Trade Commissioner Service and the National Research Council’s Industrial Research Assistance Program (NRC-IRAP) to support industrial research and development collaboration with partner countries.The program provides funding which must be matched by funds from other sources to start a bilateral relationship. The program will be available for forge partnerships in India, Brazil, China, Israel, and South Korea.
Application intake for India and Israel partnership projects has begun, however applications for China and Brazil will begin in late 2016. The South Korea component will be implemented once the bilateral research agreement between Canada and South Korea comes into force.
For India, the two lead implementation agencies are Canada's NRC-IRAP and India's Global Innovation Technology Alliance (GITA). Canadian and Indian companies who are actively engaged in industrial research and development are eligible to apply. The competition is open to companies who wish to do a joint research and development project and carry a high commercialization potential. Canadian companies can receive up to $600,000 while Indian companies can receive up to Rs. 150 Lakhs.
The first Request for Proposals (RFP) was launched on 23 March 2016 and the deadline for application is 2 August 2016. Canadian companies must have registered with IRAP by 10 June 2016. Sectors of focus for Canada-India partnership are: (1) Affordable Healthcare, (2) Clean Technologies, (3) Water Technologies, (4) Information and Communication Technologies, (5) Electronic System Design and Manufacturing.
To facilitate partnerships and to provide help in finding a partner, the Indian lead agency, GITA, has launched a matchmaking tool (available at www.gita.org.in/matchmaking.aspx). Indian companies must be registered with GITA before they can apply for a joint project with a Canadian company. It is expected that Canadian and Indian companies will match this program's contributions 1:1 from other sources.
The funding decisions are expected to be announced by November 2016.
On May 18, 2016 Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau gave a formal apology in the Ottawa House of Commons for the Komagata Maru incident of 1914. He stated that “Canada’s government was, without question, responsible for the laws that prevented these passengers from immigrating peacefully and securely. For that and every regrettable consequence that followed, we are sorry. “
India was deeply appreciative by the gesture made by Trudeau. A spokesperson from the Ministry of External Affairs India noted, “the Indian diaspora in Canada has contributed immensely to Canada’s growth and development and acts as a bond between our two nations. Prime Minister Trudeau’s apology constitutes an acknowledgement of the positive role of the Indian diaspora”. Canada’s South Asian diaspora now stands at approximately 1.6 million with India being the third most common source country for recent immigrants. He also acknowledged the apology as “Canada’s commitment to the values of pluralism and multiculturalism, which India fully shares”.
what was the komagata maru?
The Komagata Maru was a Japanese ship chartered by a Sikh businessman Gurdit Singh to bring hundreds of Indians, mostly Punjabi Sikhs, to Canada to challenge the racist laws of the time in 1914. The Continuous Passage regulation, which was being challenged, stated that immigrants must ‘come from the country of their birth, or citizenship, by a continuous journey and on through tickets purchases before leaving the country of their birth, or citizenship’. Because India and Canada were both under British dominion at the time, Indians would have had the right to enter Canadian waters. As with most immigrants, these passengers were seeking refuge and a better life for themselves, and their families. However the regulation put forth various legal clauses to deny Indians entry into Canada. The Komagata Maru entered Vancouver harbor in May 23 1914 and was forcefully sent back to India only two months later. On reaching the port in Calcutta in September of the same year, the passengers were subject to the British policy where 19 of them were killed.
carleton university's art exhibition
Carleton University’s Canada-India Centre for Excellence opened an art exhibition to commemorate the events around the Komagata Maru incident on May 18, 2016. The paintings in this exhibition are part of a full series of 21 paintings included in the large format book A Journey with the Endless Eye. The paintings were generously donated to the University by Mr. Barj Dhahan, a founding member of the Canada-India Centre, a member of its Governing Council, and a prominent Indo-Canadian.
a shared indo-canadian tragedy
komagata maru incident
training and capacity-building are key
by Harry Sharma, Manager, CICE
If you would like to associate your organization with Innovation Connections, please contact Harry.Sharma@Canada-India.ca
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To write a guest op-ed in the Innovation Connections, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
For questions or comments on the content of the publication, please contact Angela.Daniel@Canada-India.ca
Today’s India is experiencing an economic transition unparalleled anywhere else in the world. Regardless of the measures used to describe the country’s growth rate or its increasing growth domestic product, it is sobering to take a moment to consider the scale of the transformation. More than 65 percent of India’s population is under the age of 35, approximately 650 million people. And soon, the annual per capita income in India will cross the economically significant 100,000 Rupees (or roughly $1,500) threshold. Many economists expect that meeting this threshold will lead to a more consuming and aspirational population – an average Indian’s propensity to consume non-necessity goods and services will become significantly higher. This represents an opportunity that Canada cannot afford to miss.
Canadians must demonstrate a desire to forge a true partnership with India, however, and not just establish a seller-buyer arrangement. As any businessperson or scholar who has worked in India can attest, building trust and credibility is the first, and arguably the hardest, step toward partnering with India. It is incumbent upon us as a country to invest in building human capacity as well as business models that are specifically designed to build trust with India. Our small businesses and start ups, for example, must be encouraged to learn about Indian realities: cultural sensitivities, business practices, regulatory environments, government incentives, and above all, consumer behaviour. Many of the products that are developed to address a North American or European consumer will find it hard to be “localized” for India because fundamental consumer behaviours can vary widely. A perfect example is Flipkart’s “Cash on Delivery” model for e-commerce. Flipkart, India’s largest e-commerce company, realized early on that credit card penetration in India will pose a significant challenge as there are only about 20 million credit cards in a country of 1.25 billion people. So Flipkart devised a model that would allow it to sell merchandise to people without a credit or a debit card.
Canada’s exports to India account for roughly 0.8 percent of our total exports, and an annual bilateral trade of approximately $8 billion, only $1 billion more than our trade with the Netherlands, which has a population equal to that of New Delhi. It is unfair to make this comparison, of course, given that per capita income is significantly higher in the Netherlands than in India, yet it is helpful for conveying the trade growth potential with India.
The Canada-India Centre is developing specialized courses, in partnership with Indian partners, to provide exposure and training for Canadian businesses and policy makers. The centre also continues to support policy relevant research to identify the best ways to engage with India that will lead to a robust partnership.
Located in the heart of Canada’s capital, CICE is a premier policy research centre in the areas of energy, trade, and science and technology. The centre works closely with its partners in India to undertake research to help strengthen the Canada-India partnership.
Support Policy-Relevant Research
The Centre brings together experts to analyze critical bilateral issues and develops policy recommendations to strengthen the partnership with respect to collaborations and trade.
Training and Capacity Building
The Centre offers workshops and professional development courses to businesses, public officials, and academic administrators for more effective engagement with India
The Centre operates a Knowledge Hub and host events to promote better understanding of key policy issues between the two countries.
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