Clockwise from upper left: Woman in canoe in marshes (FML), Young woman checking her lipstick (FML), A Shinnecock Woman and her Montauk Friend, 1953 (EHL), Young woman hanging from rings (FML), Emma Jane Lee (EHL), Young and Old Women (FML). Center: U.S. Navy (ML).
Check out the Women's Suffrage online exhibit at :
Long Island Archives - March/April 2019 - p. 1
Volume 26 Issue 2
NY Heritage Highlights: Celebrating Women's History Month
Selected images from the digital collection of East Hampton Library (EHL), Freeport Historical Society and Museum via Freeport Memorial Library (FML), and Merrick Library (ML).
Long Island Archives
Long Island Archives - March/April 2019 - p. 2
PRACTICAL USE OF GENEALOGY RESOURCES
A Hands-On Workshop
With April Earle
Tuesday, April 16th, 1:00 PM to 4:00 PM
Longwood Public Library
800 Middle Country Road
Middle Island, NY (631) 924-6400
Description: This class will be hands-on with participants logging-in to create searches using the latest tech services. Ms. Earle’s topics of discussion are:
The genealogical reference interview
Comparing Ancestry to FamilySearch
Referring patrons to other genealogy research institutions
Searching for census records
Searching for vital records
Laptops or tablets are required. Ancestry and Fold3 are accessible through the library network. FamilySearch is also available, however you will need to create your own username/password.
April Earle is a member of the Library Faculty at Farmingdale State College. In addition to her role there, she serves as a Genealogy Consultant at Mastic-Moriches-Shirley Community Library. She also teaches a course in Genealogical Resources and Services through St. John's University's Division of Library and Information Science.
Light refreshments will be provided. Workshop attendees will be awarded .3 CEUs.
Register online at: https://www.lilrc.org/event-3276085. To find the registration forms for these workshops or any of the upcoming programs LILRC has to offer, check out the Events Calendar at: http://www.lilrc.org/events/ or call our offices at 631-675-1570.
Ask An Archivist....
We've got some old scrapbooks that are falling apart and take up space on our shelves. Should we just box them up? What about scanning?
Scrapbooks are special. The compilation of a person's life experience (or at least the years they scrap-booked) or an event of some importance. The problem with scrapbooks is almost everything. The paper is made from inexpensive wood pulp which begs to crumble in your hands due to long periods of exposure to heat, light and low humidity. Some are warped and moldy from high humidity and poor storage locations like a basement or garage. Protein glue, popular up until this latest century, cracks over time allowing the pasted items to 'pop' off the page. Then there is the matter of the varying types of items within: photographs, newspaper clippings, ribbons, greeting cards, pressed flowers, concert tickets,and more.
Generally speaking, if the scrapbook is tied together or held together with screw-posts, my advice is to remove the pages carefully, number them, scan or photograph them and then place them in order in a box with interleaving paper. Keep the cover only if it is particularly decorative, significant or informative. Document everything. Bound scrapbooks provide the additional challenge of whether or not to remove the pages. Many factors to consider are who created the scrapbook? Is it something that would be important to researchers? Is the scrapbook further damaged with every handling? Is it worth the cost of conservation? Set a policy with input from your collections committee or other preservation specialists.
Recently released and upcoming books about Long Island history
Spring into history with a great read!
Saving Fire Island from Robert Moses: The Fight for a National Seashore by Christoper Verga
Available March 25th - preorder on arcadiapublishing.com
With its unspoiled, tranquil shorelines, Fire Island has been an oasis for vacationers for more than 150 years. To the polarizing “master builder” Robert Moses, its coastline was ripe for the construction of an Ocean Parkway extension. Standing up to those ambitions were the seventeen individualistic communities of Fire Island, unified in their love for their sun-washed sandy beaches. To maintain a traditional way of life with limited access to motor vehicles, the community began the fight for federal protection through the creation of the Fire Island National Seashore. Author Christopher Verga presents this triumphant struggle against the Goliath of twentieth-century New York development.
The Big Duck and Eastern Long Island's Duck Farming Industry by Dr. Susan Van Scoy
Available March 25th - preorder on arcadiapublishing.com
The Big Duck and Eastern Long Island's Duck Farming Industry traces the fascinating and largely unknown history of the "Long Island Duck"—a fixture on the menus of fine dining establishments around the world. The first duck farm, Atlantic Duck Farm, opened on Long Island in Speonk in 1858; however, raising ducks did not take hold until the Pekin duck breed arrived from China in 1873. Due to Long Island's waterfront properties, temperate climate, and sandy soil, along with modernization of the farming industry, duck production grew rapidly, increasing from approximately 200,000 ducks per year in 1897 to two million ducks in 1922. By 1940, nearly 100 duck farms were concentrated mainly between Eastport and Riverhead. Today, due to environmental regulations and soaring costs, only one Long Island duck farm survives—Corwin's Crescent Duck Farm in Aquebogue. However, many influences of the Long Island duck industry remain, such as the Big Duck, a duck-shaped building conceived by Martin Maurer in 1931 that was used to sell poultry and duck eggs, inspiring the famous term "duck" architecture.
And in honor of women…
Women in Long Island’s Past: A History of Eminent Ladies and Everyday Lives by Natalie A. Naylor
Available now both new and used on amazon.com
Women have been part of Long Island's past for thousands of years but are nearly invisible in the records and history books. From pioneering doctors to dazzling aviatrixes, author Natalie A. Naylor brings these larger-than-life but little-known heroines out of the lost pages of island history. Anna Symmes Harrison, Julia Gardiner Tyler, Edith Kermit Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt all served as first lady of the United States, and all had Long Island roots. Beloved children's author Frances Hodgson Burnett wrote The Secret Garden here, and hundreds of local suffragists fought for their right to vote in the early twentieth century. Discover these and other stories of the remarkable women of Long Island.
Long Island Archives - March/April 2019 - p. 3
Best practices and sound advice from SAA's Using Archives: A Guide to Effective Research - Part VI
Typical Usage Guidelines in Archival Repositories continued
Researchers may be surprised initially at how different it is to use materials in an archives versus a public or academic library. Archives have access guidelines designed both to help preserve materials and protect them from theft, thus ensuring they will remain available for future researchers. This section will list some typical usage guidelines found at archives and the reasons behind them. Guidelines will differ between repositories, so always check what guidelines an archives has in place:
Use of pencil only: This is a preservation practice in case accidental marks are made on archival materials; pencil can be erased while pen marks cannot.
Request forms: Forms are used in a variety of situations, from “call slips” that specify the boxes or books a researcher would like to see, to forms requesting reproductions (such as photocopies). Some forms have very practical uses, like verifying that the correct materials are retrieved, calculating fees, or keeping track of usage for statistical and preservation purposes. By recording exactly which materials were used and by whom, forms can also serve as a theft deterrent. Finally, forms can be useful in notifying the researcher of any legal requirements to take into consideration for how materials are used. Example: Photocopies of unpublished materials provided for a researcher may require additional permissions before they are published. The researcher’s signature on the request form indicates that the signer has read and understood these stipulations, and that the archival repository has done its duty informing researchers that those conditions exist.
Gloves: In most cases clean hands free of lotions or perfumes are sufficient for handling materials. Gloves may be necessary for handling objects or photographs in order to protect the materials from the oils and other residues left by hands. The archives should provide gloves if they are required.
Laptops, cell phones, cameras, recorders, and personal scanners: Many archives allow the use of cameras, laptops, and other personal digital devices, but restrictions may exist. Materials may require permissions before they are reproduced, and the lights used by cameras and scanners can cause text and images on documents to fade if they are overexposed. Hence, guidelines in these areas are for security and preservation purposes, as well as for ensuring that all researchers can work in a relatively quiet, distraction-free environment. Archival staff may also ask to inspect any devices researchers bring with them before entering or leaving the research area.
Careful handling and maintaining order: To ensure that materials are maintained for future use, all archives ask researchers to handle materials carefully. While older materials are generally thought to be more fragile, even new materials need to be handled with care so they remain available to the next generation of researchers. Archives may provide specialized tools like book pillows to help preserve materials during use.
It is also important that materials remain in the order in which the researcher received them so they can be located later and observed in their proper contexts. Misfiling or changes in order can lead the archival staff to assume that items are missing and inconvenience future researchers. Repositories generally provide place markers to help a researcher keep materials in order and to mark items requested for photocopying. An archives may have additional guidelines like removing one folder from a box at a time, leaving reshelving to archival staff, etc.
From Using Archives: A Guide to Effective Research by Laura Schmidt, reprinted with permission from the Society of American Archivists (https://www2.archivists.org/usingarchives).
Long Island Archives - March/April 2019 . Editor: Nicole Menchise, Regional Archivist, Long Island Library Resources Council
627 N. Sunrise Service Rd., Bellport, NY 11713-1540, Email: email@example.com, Phone: 631-675-1570 x 2004